Diagnostic Challenges in the Era of Canine Leishmania infantum Vaccines


Solano Gallego L, Cardoso L, Pennisi MG, Petersen Ch, Bourdeau P, Oliva G, Miró G, Ferrer Ll, Baneth G
(Trends in Pararasitology 33(9): 706-717. 2017)


The diagnosis of canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is complex due to its variable clinical manifestations and laboratory findings. The availability of vaccines to prevent CanL has increased the complexity of diagnosis, as serological tests may not distinguish between naturally infected and vaccinated dogs. Current practices of prevaccination screening are not sufficiently sensitive to detect subclinically infected dogs, resulting in the vaccination of infected animals, which may lead to disease in vaccinated dogs that are also infectious to sand flies. This review evaluates the current techniques for diagnosing CanL, and focuses on new challenges raised by the increasing use of vaccines against this disease. Important gaps in knowledge regarding the diagnosis of CanL are underscored to highlight the need for novel diagnostic test development.


  Download Document