It is advised to protect (in endemic areas):

  • Individual cats from the risk of developing infection and clinical disease.

  • Feline population to improve the control of L. infantum infection in the vector.

  • General prevention of sand fly bites is based on the same procedures as for dogs.

  • Topical insecticides
    Insecticides currently available for cats have no demonstrated effect in preventing the bites of sandflies.

  • Most pyrethroids are toxic for cats. Flumethrin collars are at present the onlypyrethroid formulation licensed for cats and was demonstrated to reduce the incidence of L. infantum in cats in a field study.

  • Test blood donors by antibody detection and blood PCR.

prevention of feline leishmaniosis
Female Phlebotomus perniciosus unfed