Etiology, Distribution & Transmission
Canine Leishmania infections are due to a widely distributed species, Leishmania Infantum. However, in the new world and in the old world, other zoonotic species of…
Read more about Canine Leishmaniosis
Clinical manifestations and laboratory abnormalities found in CanL due to L. infantum. General: Generalized lymphadenomegaly, loss of body weight, decreased or increased appetite…
Diagnosis is based on clinical signs and/or clinicopathological abnormalities compatible with disease and by confirmation of Leishmania infantum infection, using mainly serological…
Treatment and Prognosis
A system that classifies the disease into four stages with the goal of assisting the clinician in determining the appropriate therapy, forecasting prognosis…
Current treatment protocols for CanL.
Meglumine antimoniate, Miltefosine, Allopurinol and Domperidone.
Dose and main side effects…
Recommended monitoring during and after treatment of CanL.
Parameters and frequency. Clinical history and physical examination…
Prevention should include the application of a long-acting topical insecticide throughout the period of sand fly activity. Additionally, vaccination might be considered.
A vaccine based on purified excreted/secreted antigens of L. infantum has been licensed in Europe since 2011. This vaccine contains a saponin adjuvant…