Etiology, Distribution & Transmission
Canine Leishmania infections are predominantly due to Leishmania infantum. However, other zoonotic species of Leishmania may infect dogs. The information in these…
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Main clinical signs and laboratory abnormalities found in CanL due to L. infantum. General: Generalized lymphadenomegaly, loss of body weight, decreased or increased appetite…
Diagnosis is based on clinical signs and/or clinicopathological abnormalities compatible with disease combined with confirmation of L. infantum infection, predominantly…
Staging is performed following canine patient diagnosis of L. infantum infection with clinical signs and/or clinicopathologic abnormalities to facilitate appropriate…
Current treatment protocols for CanL.
Meglumine antimoniate, Miltefosine, Allopurinol, Domperidone and Dietary nucleotides with AHCCc…
Recommended monitoring during and after treatment of CanL.
Parameters and frequency. Clinical history and physical examination…
Prevention for individual dogs should always include use of a topical insecticide maintained throughout the period of sand flies activity.
A first vaccine based on adjuvanted purified excreted/secreted antigens of L. infantum was initially licensed in Europe in 2011.